Operation-2Trauma to the head and spinal cord may result from motor vehicle accidents, falls, violence and sports. Traumatic injury can result in neurological impairments in the body including paralysis. The damage affects the nerve fibres passing through the injured area and may impair all or part of the corresponding muscles and nerves below the injury site. Types of traumatic head injury include epidural hematoma (blood clot between the skull and the dura), subdural hematoma (blood clot between the dura and the brain), basilar skull fracture and concussion. Some head injuries may benefit from surgery.